The Present Perfect Simple Tense - Negative sentences



In this English lesson, we learn how to make negative sentences using the present perfect simple tense. 

Present perfect simple tense word order

We use the helping verb 'to have' and the past participle form of the verb to make negative sentences. The basic word order is: the subject + the helping verb (i.e. have or has) + not + the past participle form of the verb.

subject
the helping verb 
'to have' + not
the past participle
form of the verb
I
have not
(I haven't/
I've not)
drawn.
You
have not
(You haven't/ 
You've not)
taken.
We
have not
(We haven't/
We've not)
slept.
They
have not
(They haven't/
They've not)
ridden.
He
has not
(He hasn't/
He's not)
held.
She
has not
(She hasn't/
She's not)
sung.
It
has not
(It hasn't/
It's not)
frozen.

  • The boy hasn't fallen asleep yet.
  • I haven't finished my work. 
  • The giraffe hasn't learnt to stay away from the human beings. 
  • Max and Mona haven't lived here since 1998.

Common mistakes with negative sentences

1) Students sometimes use the helping verb 'did' instead of 'to have'. We use the helping verb 'did' when we make negative sentences using the past simple tense. We use the helping verb 'to have' to make negative sentences using the present perfect simple tense. Look at these examples:

Suzy didn't ridden a camel yet. X
Suzy hasn't ridden a camel yet. (present perfect simple tense)
Suzy didn't ride a camel yesterday. (past simple tense)

The flowers didn't grown as I would have liked. X
The flowers haven't grown as I would have liked. (present perfect simple tense)
The flowers didn't grow as I would have liked. (past simple tense)

The student didn't spent a lot of money so far this year. X
The student hasn't spent a lot of money so far this year. (present perfect simple tense)
The student didn't spend a lot of money last year. (past simple tense)

Tom and Lucy didn't tied the knot yet. X
Tom and Lucy haven't tied the knot yet. (present perfect simple tense)
Tom and Lucy didn't tie the knot 2 years ago. (past simple tense)

2) Another common mistake is to use the incorrect form of the helping verb:

Mary's parents hasn't swum in the river near their house. X
Mary's parents haven't swum in the river near their house. 


The adult haven't taken good care of the children. X
The adult hasn't taken good care of the children. 

Tom and Jerry hasn't killed each other yet. X
Tom and Jerry haven't killed each other yet.

People hasn't made many good choices over the years. X
People haven't made many good choices over the years.  

3) Some students also incorrectly use 'no' instead of 'not'. Look at these examples:

I have no watered the garden yet. X
I have not watered the garden yet. 
I haven't watered the garden yet.  
I've not watered the garden yet.  

Glory has no seen all the episodes of Friends. X
Glory has not seen all the episodes of Friends
Glory hasn't seen all the episodes of Friends
Glory's not seen all the episodes of Friends

Our new government has no kept the promises they made before. X
Our new government has not kept the promises they made before. 
Our new government hasn't kept the promises they made before.  
Our new government's not kept the promises they made before.  

Lesson vocabulary

tie the knot (phrase) = get married

giraffe (noun) 

human beings (noun)

She is watering the garden. (verb + noun)

Friends is a very popular American TV show
that aired from 1994 to 2004.

Exercise

Your turn! Try to make present perfect simple negative sentences using the following verbs. For example: (0) eat - I haven't eaten my lunch yet. Remember to use the correct form of the verb! 

(1) fly (2) speak (3) win (4) drive (5) dream (6) catch (7) blow 

You can leave your answers in the comments section and I will gladly give you some feedback. Good luck!

10 comments:

kazuo nishi said...

(1)I haven't flied to my hometown yet.
(2)My daughter hasn't spoken any meaningful words. She is just 6 months old.
(3)They haven't won the lottery since they were born.
(4)I haven't drove for more than 3 years.
(5)Recently my teacher haven't dream because he has been pretty busy.
(6) The thief haven't been caught since he broke out of jail.
(7)I haven't blown my audition yet.

Francois Oosthuizen said...

Kazuo! Welcome back!! You are a busy man... :-) Thanks for your answers!

Here are my suggestions

1) 1)I haven't flied to my hometown yet. X
I haven't flown to my hometown yet.
- 'fly' is an irregular verb. The past for is 'flew' and the past participle form is 'flown'.
2)Great!
3)Good!
4)I haven't drove for more than 3 years. X
I haven't driven for more than 3 years.
- 'Drove' is the past form. The past past participle form is 'driven'.
5)Recently my teacher haven't dream because he has been pretty busy. X
Recently my teacher hasn't dreamed because he has been pretty busy.
- You should use 'has' because the subject is 'my teacher' which refers to 'he' or 'she'.
- 'Dream' is the base form of the verb. You should use the past participle form of the verb with the present perfect simple tense.
6) The thief haven't been caught since he broke out of jail. X
The thief hasn't been caught since he broke out of jail.
You should use 'has' because the subject is 'the thief' which refers to 'he' or 'she'.
7) Great!!

mt203948 said...

1- He hasn't flown on the economic class since he became technical director.
2- My brother hasn't spoken to my parents since he became homeless.
3- I haven't won the lottery in my life.
4- I haven't driven to Paris yet because of the traffic jam.
5- I haven't dreamt I met an extraterrestrial.
6- She says she hasn't caught any fish yet.
7- The wind hasn't blown strongly so we can go out.

M. Hakim said...

Thanks francois for this lesson. Here is my answer: (1) Fly-The bird has not flown away. (2) Speak- He has not spoken anything.(3) Win-They have not won the game. (4) Drive-He has nor driven since morning. (5) Dream-I have not dreamt to be a actor. (6) Catch-They have not caught the thieve. (7) Blow-The wind have not blown yet.

Francois Oosthuizen said...

Thank you for your answers, mt203948!

Here are my suggestions:

1) He hasn't flown on the economic class since he became technical director. X
He hasn't flown economy class since he became technical director.
- fly + class (there is no article needed here) e.g.
The rich man always flies first class.
I have never flown business class.
I always fly economy class.
2) Great! I really hope this is only an example!
3) I haven't won the lottery in my life.
This sentence is grammatically correct but it doesn't sound natural. We would prefer to use one of these:
I haven't won the lottery yet.
I have never won the lottery.
I haven't won the lottery since I was born.
4) I haven't driven to Paris yet because of the traffic jam. X
I haven't driven to Paris yet because the traffic is very bad.
- 'Traffic jam' talks about a specific event but you are talking about traffic in a more general sense.

Compare:
Cape Town is a small city with a lot of traffic problems.

With:
I saw a traffic jam on my way to work.
I was caught in a traffic jam while driving back home.
5) Good! I have :-) LOL
6) Great!
7) The wind hasn't blown strongly so we can go out. - This sentence is correct but depending on exactly what you want to say this sentence might be better:
The wind isn't blowing very strongly so we can go out.

You have reminded me that I should do a lesson about the weather. There are so many awesome words to describe it. What do you think?

Francois Oosthuizen said...

You are welcome, M. Hakim! Thanks for doing the exercise.

Here are my suggestions:

1) Great!
2) Good!
3) Good!
4) Drive-He has nor driven since morning. X
He has not driven since this morning.
- Can you see the typing mistake?
- You should use the determiner(this) before the noun(morning).
5) Dream-I have not dreamt to be a actor. X
I have not dreamt of being an actor.
When the verb 'dream' is followed by another verb, it is usually with this pattern:
dream + of + verb + ing.
I dreamt of going to the moon.
He dreamt of being a firefighter.
6) Catch-They have not caught the thieve. X
They have not caught the thieves. OR
They have not caught the thief.
7) Blow-The wind have not blown yet. X
The wind has not blown yet.
- 'The wind' is singular and refers to 'it' so we should use the helping verb 'has'.

mt203948 said...

Oh yes,that is a very good idea! I often begin the conversation by talking about the weather :)
One more time, thank you for your patience and your precious help.

Francois Oosthuizen said...

You are welcome, mt203948! I will be thinking about the weather now... :-)

Mohammed Ahmed said...

1- It hasn't already flown.
2- I haven't spoken English Language flout since 1995.
3- We haven't won a car for last Ramadan.
4- He hasn't driven a car for 2 years.
5- She hasn't dreamed since 2 months.
6- I haven't caught the chief.
7- The bomb hasn't blow up my house for discover it.

Francois Oosthuizen said...

Thank you for doing the exercise, Mohammed!

1) Good!
2) I haven't spoken English Language flout since 1995. X
I haven't spoken English fluently since 1995.
- 'Flout' means to not obey a rule on purpose.
3) We haven't won a car for last Ramadan. X
We haven't won a car for the last Ramadan.
- You need the definite article 'the' in this sentence.
4) Great!
5) She hasn't dreamed since 2 months.X
She hasn't dreamed for 2 months.
- since + a point of time e.g.
I haven't been at the cinema since Monday.
- for + a period of time e.g.
I haven't been there for a week.
6) Great!
7) The bomb hasn't blow up my house for discover it. X
The bomb hasn't blown up my house because I discovered it in time.
- You should use the past participle 'blown' with the present perfect simple tense.

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